Ocular rosacea – an eye problem or a skin problem?

Ocular rosacea – an eye problem or a skin problem?
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Ocular rosacea treatmentsOcular rosacea is inflammation of the eyes that causes burning, itching and redness. Ocular rosacea develops in people with rosacea, an inflammatory skin condition that causes redness and papules, often on the face, but sometimes getting ocular (eye) rosacea can be a sign that you will get rosacea.

Treatments for regular rosacea don’t treat ocular rosacea, leaving a treatment gap for those with the incredibly uncomfortable ocular rosacea. Ophthalmologists (these are eye doctors, not optometrists – they are vision doctors) and dermatologists are calling for both specialist disciplines to come together to try to solve ocular rosacea, since it affects both their areas of expertise.

The first port of call for a dermatologist is to treat ocular rosacea with oral antibiotics or to handball the patient to an opthamologist. What is being suggested is that treatment should occur first, with skin treatments, instead of just antibiotics or a referral. These treatments look at ocular rosacea being an eyelid disease, rather than an eyeball disease, making it skin, not eye, and therefore the realm of the dermatologist to treat effectively.

It is believed that millions of people globally suffer from rosacea, with ocular rosacea affecting up to 70 per cent, though research numbers vary widely. Many people with rosacea report eye symptoms that include irritation, grittiness, dryness and watery or bloodshot eyes. These symptoms begin after their rosacea diagnosis. Most have never been treated specifically for ocular rosacea.

A case study has been discussed whereby a 78-year-old man with ocular rosacea failed to respond to normal treatments, and was then treated successfully with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and povidone iodine (10 per cent solution) that was turned into a topical gel by a pharmacy, and rubbed into the lash line and closed eyelid twice daily. After just a week, ‘remarkable improvements were noted’, and a month later after daily applications, the improvements were far more impressive.

These two ingredients are a novel pairing, not normally used together. DMSO is a skin penetration agent rarely used in the eye industry, with povidone iodine an antimicrobial agent known as a biocide. A clinical trial is planned.

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Please Note:

*With all surgeries or procedures, there are risks. Consult your physician (GP) before undertaking any surgical or cosmetic procedure. Please read the consent forms carefully and be informed about every aspect of your treatment. Some surgeries have a mandatory seven-day cooling-off period to give patients adequate time to be sure of their surgery choice. Results may also vary from person to person due to many factors, including the individual’s genetics, diet and exercise. Before and after photos are only relevant to the patient in the photo and do not necessarily reflect the results other patients may experience. Ask questions. Our team of dermatologists, doctors and nurses are here to help you with any of your queries. This page is not advice and is intended to be informational only. We endeavour to keep all our information up to date; however, this site is intended as a guide and not a definitive information portal or in any way constitutes medical advice.

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